When we write a prescription for glasses or contact lenses, it’s usually because they have difficulty seeing from long distances, short distances, or their vision is distorted. In the world of ophthalmology, we call these treatable eye conditions “refractive disorders”, meaning that light enters the eye and is sent to the wrong place in the eye causing the brain to interpret the image unclearly.
Eye disease is a common health concern for people living with both type one and type two diabetes. In fact, diabetes (specifically diabetic retinopathy) has proved to be the primary cause of visual impairment and legal blindness in the United States.
According to the National Eye Institute (NEI), the number of cataract cases in the United States rose 20 percent (from 20.5 to 24.4 million) between 2000 and 2010. The NEI is expecting those rates to continue increasing and predict ~50 million cataract diagnoses by 2050.
Age-related cataracts are typically found in people over the age of 40. When the body ages, the eyes age as well. The lens of the eye is primarily composed of water and protein, but over time, proteins in the eye may start clumping together to form what we call “cataracts.