Cataract surgery recovery can be a manageable process. While some side effects are possible during surgery, most people will only need to wear special sunglasses and use medicated eye drops to prevent complications. For the best results, follow your surgeon’s instructions closely and let them know if you notice any sudden changes in your vision.
Cataracts are the leading cause of blindness all over the world. They result in clouded lenses which are easily treated in their early stages and can be treated with surgery if you qualify for the procedure. Despite the fact that they’re so common, it’s still important to understand what can cause cataracts so you know what to expect if you develop them.
The most common cause of cataracts is aging, with half of Americans having some type of cataract by the age of 75. Genetics can also play an important role if you have a family history of the condition. Other causes can be controlled or managed, such as smoking, UV exposure, and diabetes. One surprising cause of cataracts is eye injuries, which can result in the development of cataracts much earlier than normal.(more…)
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Glaucoma and diabetes
- Diabetic macular edema
- Cataracts and diabetes
- Diagnosing and treating diabetic eye disease
According to the University of Michigan Kellog Eye Center, anyone’s risk of developing cataracts is pretty high. Over 95% of people who are 65 and older have a cataract. What’s more, half of those between the ages of 75 and 85 have experienced some loss of vision due to this condition.
To better understand cataracts, we’ll look at:
- Other risk factors for cataracts
- What are cataracts?
- Cataract symptoms
- Diagnosing cataracts
- Treatment of cataracts
While your chances of developing cataracts are high, there’s no reason to panic. Some common myths about cataracts include that they result from straining your eyes, or that they can spread from one eye to the other. The truth is that cataracts are a natural part of aging and develop slowly over time. This means that they can be caught early on using dilated eye exams. (more…)
The short answer is yes, you can have cataract surgery if you have age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The real question is whether cataract surgery will actually help your vision or not if you have AMD. The answer to that question is “probably, yes,” but it would be helpful to define what cataracts and AMD are to understand why that is.
To answer why you can probably have cataract surgery if you have macular degeneration, we’ll look at:
- Establishing the reason for your vision loss
- Can cataract surgery worsen AMD?
- Understanding macular degeneration and cataracts
Dr. Janis L. Holt will join Baptist Eye Surgeons at both the Knoxville and Morristown locations in December, 2019. Dr. Holt specializes in cataract surgery and corneal disease and transplant procedures.
She has performed thousands upon thousands of state-of-the-art cataract surgeries and partial thickness corneal transplantations. In addition, she also particularly enjoys helping patients understand and live optimally with glaucoma, diabetic eye diseases, and macular degeneration. (more…)
For years researchers have been suggesting that seniors who have healthy vision or those who take steps to improve their vision experience lifestyle benefits that extend beyond their eyesight.
Most recently, a study reported in the American Academy of Ophthalmology found that seniors who had cataract surgery showed a slower rate of cognitive decline compared to what they were exhibiting before surgery.
Research like this is raising an exciting question: Can cataract surgery have a positive impact on cognitive skills like memory and focus for seniors as well? (more…)
More than 25 million Americans have cataracts in the U.S. According to “The Future of Vision” study by Prevent Blindness, it’s estimated that 38.5 million people in the U.S. will have cataracts by 2032, and 45.6 million will have the eye condition by the year 2050.
One explanation for the rising number of cataracts is the aging population, since aging is the leading cause of cataracts. In fact, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, approximately half of all Americans have cataracts by age 75. However, cataracts can occur at any age, particularly with if one has risk factors such as eye injuries, eye diseases, a family history of cataracts, and certain diseases like diabetes. (more…)
Cataracts affect more than 24.4 million Americans over the age of 40, and approximately half of all Americans have cataracts by age 75, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology,
Aging is the most common cause of cataracts, since proteins in the lenses of your eyes start to break down around the age of 40. These normal changes cause the lens to gradually become cloudy, although it may be several years before vision problems are noticeable.
Causes Besides Aging
Aside from aging, other factors play a role in the formation of cataracts, including:
- Family history.
- Certain medical conditions, particularly diabetes.
- A previous eye injury or eye surgery.
- Sun exposure without proper UV protective sunglasses.
- Use of certain medications, such as corticosteroids.
When a cataract begins to form, changes in vision are minor and are usually unnoticeable. As the cataract continues to grow, clarity of the lens diminishes so vision changes become more apparent. With time, these vision changes can affect one’s quality of life by causing symptoms such as:
- Blurry vision.
- Seeing double.
- Increased sensitivity to light.
- Dimmed vision, needing more light when you read or at night.
- Colors appear faded or have a yellowish cast, like an old newspaper.
- Seeing halos around lights.
- Frequent changes in contact or glasses prescriptions.
While you can’t prevent aging, there are steps you can take that may slow the development of cataracts, including:
- Wear sunglasses that block 100% of sun’s UV rays.
- If you wear regular eyeglasses, choose to have a clear, anti-UV coating on the lenses.
- Wear protective eye gear to avoid eye injuries.
- Don’t smoke.
- Maintain healthy weight and blood pressure.
In addition, some studies suggest that certain nutrients and nutritional supplements support eye health, which may slow the development of cataracts. These nutrients include:
- Vitamin E: almonds, spinach, sunflower seeds.
- Vitamin C: red peppers, tomatoes, and strawberries and other fruits.
- Omega 3 fatty acids: fatty fish like salmon, walnuts, flaxseed, edamame beans.
- Beta carotene: carrots, sweet potatoes, cantaloupe.
- Lutein and Zeaxanthin: leafy green vegetables like kale, broccoli, peas, eggs, and corn.
Early symptoms of cataracts may be improved with a new prescription for glasses or contacts, or by using brighter lighting, magnifying lenses, or anti-glare sunglasses. When these measures no longer help and activities like reading, driving, or working are affected, surgery is the only effective treatment.
Depending on your cataract diagnosis, your ophthalmologist can tell you if you’re a candidate for cataract surgery. During cataract surgery, the cloudy lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens. Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure, and more than 95% of patients experience improved vision.
The ophthalmologists at Baptist Eye Surgeons specialize in the treatment of cataracts, including surgery. With offices in Knoxville, TN and Morristown, TN, Baptist Eye Surgeons is an ophthalmological practice dedicated to providing quality eye care to patients whose needs range from routine comprehensive eye examinations to complex eye surgeries. To learn about our specialities and our doctors, visit our website. Call us at 865-579-3920 for more information, or visit us online to schedule an appointment.