When we diagnose patients with an eye disorder where significant vision loss is a primary symptom, eye surgery is frequently the most practical solution. Below are three of the most common eye surgery procedures we perform to help our patients see better:
1. Cataract Removal
Cataracts form when normal proteins in the lens of the eye break down and form clumps, which result in cloudy vision. While most cataracts are age-related, there are many other factors that can put you at a greater risk for needing cataract surgery. Read this blog post to learn how you can avoid them.
During cataract surgery, your surgeon will remove your clouded natural lens and replace it with a clear artificial lens called an intraocular lens (IOL). Your IOL will be unique to you in that it will be chosen based on specialized measurements of your eyes. Cataract surgeries are performed in an outpatient setting and the recovery time is fairly quick. This article will tell you a little more about what most patients should expect before, during, and after cataract surgery. If you have any questions, please consult your doctor.
2. Refractive Surgery
Refractive surgery is most often used to correct issues with focus and improve your vision. If you suffer from nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), astigmatism, or presbyopia, you may be a candidate for refractive surgery. While refractive surgery procedures use various techniques and implements, the most common refractive surgery is Laser-Assisted Stromal In-situ Keratomileusis — or LASIK for short.
During LASIK eye surgery, your surgeon will reshape your cornea to improve its focus. For example, someone who is nearsighted has a steeper-than-normal cornea, so the surgeon would use the laser to flatten it out. LASIK eye surgeries are all outpatient and are done using only topical anesthetic eye drops. No bandages, stitches, or “going under” required.
When window shopping for LASIK eye surgeons, be wary of practices who offer incredibly low or discounted prices. Read Why Cheap Laser Eye Surgery is Bad for Your Eyes & Your Wallet to find out what red flags you should watch out for.
3. Cornea Transplant
The cornea is the clear front part of your eye that allows you to see by focusing the light that passes through into your pupil. In order for the cornea to do its job correctly, it must remain clear and smooth. When a cornea is too misshapen, scarred, or diseased, you may experience painful swelling and/or vision problems. If your cornea cannot be repaired, your surgeon might suggest a cornea transplant.
During a cornea transplant, your damaged cornea is replaced by a healthy one supplied by a donor. There are several different cornea transplant options and your surgeon will recommend what is best for you. Although the procedure is typically done on an outpatient basis, recovery is a longer process than with most eye surgeries. Postoperative care is extremely important to prevent the rejection of your new cornea. Read more about what postoperative care entails here and be sure to discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
At Baptist Eye Surgeons, our goal is to improve your vision and eliminate the discomfort of most eye disorders. If you’re experiencing abnormal eye symptoms, especially eye pain or vision loss, please request an eye appointment online or by calling 865-579-3920.