Millions of people wear contact lenses every day, but too many of them aren’t aware that contact lenses pose a risk of developing an eye infection if not used properly. Eye infections can be quite painful and potentially damaging to your eyes, so they’re not to be taken lightly with a wait-and-see approach. Some untreated eye infections can even cause permanent vision loss or blindness.
Gravity and time have an effect on all of us, and for some people aging comes with increasingly heavy or drooping eyelids. Droopy eyelids are technically called ptosis, which is a condition that isn’t just about appearances. Droopy eyelids can also affect your vision.
Eyelids become heavy or droopy when the levator muscle, which lifts the eyelid, stretches and weakens over time. As the levator muscle weaks, it becomes harder to keep the eyes fully open.
Optometrists and ophthalmologists are commonly confused, which is understandable. If you Google “eye doctor near me,” the results will likely be a mix of results for optometrists and ophthalmologists, so how do you know which one to see? Both types of eye doctors specialize in eyesight and the overall health of your eyes. However, one type of eye doctor may be better suited for specific situations.
The main difference is that while both optometrists and ophthalmologists perform vision screenings, only ophthalmologists are trained to perform comprehensive eye examinations. Comprehensive exams involve dilating the eyes, and are crucial for detecting more serious eye diseases like glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy. Read more
There are many types of surgical procedures for the eyes. Corrective eye surgeries are those that are performed in order to restore or improve a patient’s vision. Most procedures work to reshape the cornea so that light passing through it can focus on the retina. Some surgeries replace the lens of the eye.
In some cases, these surgeries are medically necessary to correct vision loss or prevent blindness from diseases such as: Read more
Beginning in the early to mid-40s, most of us start to have problems seeing clearly at close distances, particularly when reading or working on the computer. This is because our eyes and vision change over time, just like our bodies do. Over time, the lens in your eye becomes less flexible, which makes it harder for your eyes to focus on objects close up. This condition is called presbyopia, and it’s is a natural part of the aging process of the eye.
Presbyopia is not a disease, it cannot be prevented, and it is not the same as farsightedness (even though the symptom of not seeing well close up is similar). However, you can correct your close up vision with eyeglasses. In fact, all those over-the-counter drugstore glasses that you see everywhere are designed especially for presbyopia.
Constructed from magnifying lenses set into eyeglass frames, these drugstore glasses, also known as “readers,” are cheap and popular options for people who need help reading or seeing things close-up. The question most commonly asked when it comes to readers is, “Do cheap eyeglasses damage your vision?” Or, “Is it safer for my long-term vision to use prescription glasses instead of readers?” What’s the difference between the two eyeglass options? Read more
A stye, also called a hordeolum, is a small, red, painful lump that grows from the base of your eyelash or under your eyelid. Most styes are caused by a bacterial infection. Styes are common in children, people with chronic lid infections, and those with diabetes. You can also get a stye if you have blepharitis, which can make the base of your eyelashes red and swollen. Styes can be quite painful and unsightly, with prominent swelling and redness.
There are two kinds of styes, or hordeolums: Read more
The eye’s crystalline lens sits is located just behind the pupil and functions along with the cornea to focus light on the retina. As we age, proteins in this crystalline lens clump together, which creates clouding and hardening of the lens that can eventually affect our vision. This clouding is considered a cataract, whether there has been a significant reduction vision or not. The most common symptoms of cataracts are blurring and dimming of vision. Let’s take a closer looks at causes, symptoms, and treatments of cataracts:
What Causes Cataracts?
As we age, gravity affects every part of our body, even the skin and muscles of our eyes. The skin around our eyes loses elasticity and the muscle tone in our eyelids decreases. Over time, this may result in droopy eyelids, or ptosis.
The muscle that lifts the eyelid is called the levator muscle, and when it stretches or weakens it becomes harder to keep the eyes fully open. This may occur in one or both eyelids as we age. However, age is not the only cause of droopy eyelids. Ptosis can also be congenital when the levator muscle fails to develop properly in utero, as was the case with the famous actor, director, and producer Forest Whitaker.
In addition, medical conditions such as an eye injury, nerve damage, or tumors can cause the upper eyelid to droop lower than normal. Regardless of the cause, droopy eyelids are not just a cosmetic concern. If a droopy eyelid covers part of your pupil, then your vision will be affected. Ptosis can restrict or even completely block normal vision. Read more
Your cornea is the clear, round dome that covers the eye’s iris and pupil. When there’s an imperfection in the curvature of your cornea, it’s called a corneal astigmatism. When the shape of your eye’s lens is distorted, it’s called a lenticular astigmatism.
Ideally, the cornea and lens are both smooth and curved symmetrically in all directions, which helps your eye focus, or refract, light rays sharply. But with either type of astigmatism, light rays are not refracted properly, so your vision for both near and far objects appears blurry or distorted. Objects may be blurry or appear to be taller, wider or thinner than they actually are.
Astigmatisms are common, but they’re also one of the most misunderstood refractive disorders. In addition to blurred or distorted vision, astigmatism can cause eye strain and headaches after prolonged periods of visual stimulation, such as from reading a book, looking at electronic screens, or watching a movie. Read more
Macular degeneration is a common condition that causes the loss of central vision, which means that an object will be out of focus when you look directly at it. It’s called macular degeneration because it’s a deterioration of the macula, which is the small central portion of the retina that’s responsible for central vision. When the macula doesn’t work properly, your central vision appears blurry, darkened, or distorted. This can greatly affect activities like driving, reading, cooking, and other tasks that require you to focus on what’s in front of you. Macular degeneration does not affect your peripheral, or side, vision.